東文研セミナー「The Chinese Cult of the Horse King and its Indian Tantric Origins」のお知らせ


日時/Date: 2015年4月10日(金) 16:00-17:30/April 10, 2015 (Fri) 4:00-5:30p.m

会場/Venue: 東京大学東洋文化研究所3階大会議室/Main Conference Room, 3rd floor, Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (Tobunken), the University of Tokyo

報告者/Speaker: Meir Shahar (Tel Aviv University)

題名/Title: The Chinese Cult of the Horse King and its Indian Tantric Origins

The Horse King (Mawang 馬王) was among the most popular deities in the pantheon of late-imperial China. The equine deity fig ured prominently in the economic and military spheres alike. So long as horses, donkeys, and mules played a major role in C hinese agriculture, commerce, and warfare, the cult of their tutelary deity flourished. This paper will survey the late-imperial cult of the Horse King, arguing that the origins of the equine deity might be trace d back to the Horse-Headed Avalokiteśvara (Matou Guanyin 馬頭觀音) of Esoteric Buddhism. I will argue that the literary and iconographic attributes of the Chinese popular deity, no less than his very name Horse King, betray his Tantric ancestry. The multi-eyed and multi limbed iconography of the equine god, his association with fire, and his name Horse King (a shorten ed form of the esoteric Buddhist Horse-Headed King of Spells (Matou Ming Wang 馬頭明王)), equally reveal that he is none oth er than the Horse-Headed Avalokiteśvara in a new garb. In this respect the late-imperial cult of the Horse King evinces th e long term impact of Esoteric Buddhism on Chinese religion and culture.

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登録者 :馬場・西村
掲載期間:20150304 - 20150410
当日期間:20150410 - 20150410