東文研セミナー "A Legal Compendium for Ming Princes: The Zongfan tiaoli 宗藩條例 (1565). Its Genesis, Objectives, Contents and Legacy" のご案内

明代の『宗藩條例』をめぐる東文研セミナーを 以下の日時・会場で開催します。

日時:2013年12月11日(水) 13:10~14:30

会場:東京大学東洋文化研究所3階第一会議室 (東京大学本郷キャンパス)

題目: A Legal Compendium for Ming Princes: The Zongfan tiaoli 宗藩條例 (1565). Its Genesis, Objectives, Contents and Legacy

報告:Jerome KERLOUEGAN氏(オックスフォード大学 Ph.D. Candidate)

司会:大木 康(東京大学東洋文化研究所)

The Zongfan tiaoli 宗藩條例 is a collection of 67 legal provisions on imperial clansmen issued in 1565. The full text has survived. Each article consists of precedents (li 例) followed by a summary and comments. The book was intended for officials of the Board of Rites as well as officials serving in princely houses (wangguan 王官), provincial officials, and imperial clansmen themselves. A similar body of regulations, the Fanfu zhengling 藩府政令, had been compiled in the early sixteenth century, but how widely it circulated is unclear. The compilation of the Zongfan tiaoli had been made necessary by the multiplication of the imperial clansmen’s transgressions of all kinds but above all by the skyrocketing cost of maintaining the Ming clan – one of the major causes of the late Jiajing-era budgetary crisis. In the 1550s and early 1560s, riots erupted in regions where the swelling numbers of lower-ranked imperial clansmen could no longer be paid. Almost all of the 67 articles in the Zongfan tiaoli were aimed ultimately at curbing the expenses linked to the imperial clan, by tightening the bureaucratic control over it (in a fashion somewhat similar to what would be done later with Qing-dynasty bannermen). Two distinct groups which shared the same interests were the driving forces behind the Zongfan tiaoli “project”: a new generation of officials eager for change (they were mostly Yan Song’s opponents), and a cluster of “reformist” princes ready to compromise with the State. In the “fabrication” process of the collection, imperial clansmen were requested to submit proposals and give feedback. The Zongfan tiaoli was opposed by many imperial clansmen, who tried their best to circumvent it, arguing for instance that its dispositions could not be retroactive. As the new regulations did not prove effective, Zhang Juzheng ordered the compilation of a revised, simplified, but more hard-line version, which does not seem to have survived although parts of it were included in the 1587 edition of the Huidian. The reasons why the Zongfan tiaoli failed to fulfill its goals were, it seems, that it came already too late – abuses had been standard practice for too long – and enforcement remained too lax.



登録者 :大木・藤岡
掲載期間:20131114 - 20131211
当日期間:20131211 - 20131211