日時:2024年4月4日(木) 15:00〜17:00


報告者:Veysel Çolaker(パムッカレ大学/東洋文化研究所訪問研究員)

題目:Commercial Courts in the Ottoman Legal Reforms: The Case of Selanik (Thessaloniki)



One of the first judicial reforms implemented in the Ottoman Empire after the Tanzimat was the establishment of commercial courts. The 1856 Reform Edict (Islahat Fermanı) also envisioned the establishment of mixed courts for the resolution of disputes arising between Muslims, non-Muslims, and foreigners. Within this framework, commercial courts were established with the Addendum to the Commercial Code (Zeyl-i Kanunname-i Ticaret) issued in 1860. Hence, the commercial laws would be implemented by the relevant courts and the deficiencies of the laws would be corrected by the decisions rendered by the courts. With the 1864 Provincial Law (Vilayet Nizamnamesi), commercial courts were established in the provinces, and in the same year, a commercial court was also set up in Thessaloniki with a president, an assistant and two permanent members appointed by the governor. Although the number of members changed over time, the Thessaloniki commercial court functioned without interruption until 1912, when Greece occupied the city.
Studies on commercial courts are rather scarce. A significant part of the studies is based on provincial yearbooks and some archival records and documents. The reason for this is the lack of registers of the commercial courts. This lecture deals with the Thessaloniki commercial court records in the Historical Archives of Macedonia in Thessaloniki. The purpose of the presentation is to illustrate the structure and functioning of the Thessaloniki commercial court and the types of cases it heard.





登録者 :秋葉・多田
掲載期間:20240315 - 20240404
当日期間:20240404 - 20240404