@The site extending to 300 metres from east to west and 560 metres from north to south consists of three parts, the front yard, a 16 partite garden and the mausoleum. Using the theme of having a great mausoleum located in a large garden of the Chahar Bagh style, the predecessors in three generations, Humayun?AAkbar and Jahangit placed the mausoleum at the centre. On the other hand, this construction built by the 5th Emperor of the Mugharid Shah Jahan has the 16 partite garden, considered to be Char Bah, with a fountain at the center, in the front. The mausoleum is situated at the innermost of the site. This can be viewed as a result of a consideration given to Hindu style arrangement, which leads one from the entrance to the innermost temple. The arrangement of the gate leading to the mausoleum looks like an approach to the temple, situated in a large garden. The mausoleum itself has a symmetrical shape. However, the arrangement of the components cleverly displays the front and back of each construction. The mausoleum has a shape developed from the mausoleum of the Humayun, except for the main body of the mausoleum having the same construction (mosque and sarai jsymmetrically in right and left. In front and behind to the right and left of the central tomb chamber, there are iwans, and two-tiered octagonal rooms are situated in the four corners. This style closely relates to the palace and the mausoleum architecture of the Timur Dynasty. It can be said that the style suggests the Persian taste of the Mugharid Emperors.

@In the four corners of the basement, which measures 95 metres on a side and 7 metres in height, there is a round minaret of 42 metres in height. This minaret shows a style following the one of the father Jahangir's mausoleum. However, the minaret in this building has an effect of "the column between holy and secular", which separates a sanctuary from the rest. There is a crypt situated in the centre of the basement, entombing remains. The upper part of this is a tomb chamber where the cenotaphs of the Emperor Shah Jahan and his daughter Mumtaz Mahal, who passed away in young age, are situated. The tomb chamber has a bulbous dome of 58 metres in height extending from the basement. In the four corner of the dome on the roof, there are chahatris, unique to the Indian architecture. This architecture, having well-hole style iwans in the centre of each side opening to the outside, displays complete symmetry. It represents Indian Islamic architecture, being based on Persian architecture with unique Indian elements added in various places. Not only the facade from the basement to the top of the dome, but also the inside is covered completely by white marble stone, where elaborate inlaid works are observed in various places. This mausoleum, like a huge gem, marks the peak of the Mugharid architecture.The Emperor Aurangzeb, the son of Shah Jahan was a religious Muslim and he rejected constructing his own mausoleum. His remains are entombed in the corner of the dargah in Delhi. The mausoleum of his Empress Bibi ka Maqbara constructed in Aurangabad can be seen as a replica of Taj Mahal. However, the mausoleum does not surpassthe original, and it obviously shows a lapse in architectural style. (Naoko Fukami)


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