In 1589, the 5th ruler of the Qutb Shah Dynasty, Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah constructed a new capital, moving the capital from Golconda to Hyderabad, From that time it maintained prosperity as the centre of the Qutb Shah Dynasty until the late 17th century. After the Mugalid emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, Mecca Masjid were repaired and the city wall was built. After the 18th century it lived on as the stronghold of Deccan control of the Nizam family that was established by Asaf Jah .
The town is constructed on the south shore of the Musi river. The city walls form an inverted triangle. Their construction was begun by the last Mugalid ruler Mubaliz Khan and completed by Nizam ul-Mulk. Buildings dating back to the Qutb Shah period include Chahar Minar at the crossing of the centre of Hyderabad, Jama Masjid at its north-east built in 1597, a hospital
Dar al-Shifais situated to the northeast of Jama Masjid and Mecca Masjid, whose construction started in 1614 and was completed by the Mugalid emperor Aurangzeb, located to the south-east of Chahar Minar. In the Qutb Shah period, there were no city walls in Hyderabad. A bridge called Purana Pula was built where a road from Golconda in the west area meets the Musi river, and if one follows the road to the east, one can reach Chahar Minar. The northwest area of Chahar Minar became a palace complex where many palace buildings and gardens could be seen, but currently there is no trace of them. (Naoko Fukami)


1.CHAHAR MINAR (1590/1)



→Enlargement  This building is situated at the crossing of a main road running from the north to the south in the old city of Hyderabad. It is a building representing the Qutb Shahi period. Especially after the French tourist Thevenot visited Hyderabad and appreciated its excellency, it came to be widely known in the West. As evidenced in the fact that this building is still used in a design of notes and stamps, it is one of the most famous buildings representing the historical remains of not only Hyderabad and Deccan region but the whole India. (Matsuo Ara)

 Detailed Explanation

 The list of photos
View from the south


→Enlargement  This is a mosque built at the central part of the old walled city, which is constructed at the south of the Musi river. Its construction is said to have begun in 1617 under the reign of Muhammad Qutb Shah of the Qutb Shahi Dynasty and it is recognized as one of the buildings that represent the period. However, it seems that it took long time to finish the construction and it is said to have been finally completed in the late 17th century. As for the name "Mecca", there is a theory that Sultan Muhammad let them use clay from Mecca, and that it was compared to the Holy Kaba where pilgrims never cease to come. (Matsuo Ara)

 Detailed Explanation

 Plan and The list of photos
Overall View of the prayer room 


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