REPORT

Tobunken Seminar (IASA Seminar) "Comparison between the Developments of Institution of Concealment in Chin Japan"

Title: Comparison between the Developments of Institution of Concealment in Chin Japan

Lecturer: YANG, Yiyue, China University of Political Science and Law, Visiting Fellow of Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia

Date: 11/July/2013

Time and Place: 1pm~3pm at the Meeting Room 1, 3rd floor of the Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, the University of Tokyo

Participants: 5

Language: Chinese

Hosted by Regular Research Project of An Attempt at the Integration of Studies in the Traditional, Modern and Contemporary Chinese Legal System (Prof. TAKAMIZAWA, Osamu, Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, the University of Tokyo)

Report:
Concealment has quite broad meaning in social life, but in the domain of pre-modern Chinese law, it refers to certain conduct that family members conceal the crime of each other. This kind of rule appeared not only in the codes of pre-modern China, but also in the codes of pre-modern Japan. In the modern times, under the influence of western legal theory, concealment was also prescribed in Japanese and Chinese codes or their drafts. But this model of concealment was significantly distinct to the pre-modern ones, and reflects completely different legal conceptions. From the comparison between vicissitudes of Concealment system in Japanese and Chinese law, diverse ideas of family and community can be found.
Generally speaking, what implicated in obligation model of concealment in pre-modern China and Japan is a kind of Paternalism under Confucianism. The immunity model of concealment in modern Japan and modern China takes an attitude of tolerance. It didn’t prescribe concealment as an obligation, but reserved liberty of how to conduct for the individuals. In P. R. China, concealment was forbidden until 2012, which showed absolute Egalitarian. It ignores special ethical demands among relatives.
Japan used to have analogous tradition of Concealment system to China, but it successfully combined traditional Japanese legal spirit with the adoption of western law in modern times. What we should focus on is that, in pre-modern Japanese concept of family, there was something distinct from China. In pre-modern China, under the influence of Confucianism, relationship between subjects and political authority was the analogue of relationship between family members. Loyalism in China could be inferred from filial piety. However, there is no obvious evidence demonstrates that there was a similar analogy in pre-modern Japan.


東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました

東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました

東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました

東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました

東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました

東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました

東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました

東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました

東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました

東文研セミナー「中日親属容隠法の変遷の比較研究」が開催されました